carry > pack on back

verb physical_contact

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan *kʔį́(-re)

Proto-Crow-Hidatsa *kíʔ

Crow čií RG, GG:37

Hidatsa kíʔ ‘pack, carry on the back’ J

Pre-Mandan *kiʔ- ~ *ki-

Mandan kíʔš ‘he packs it’ H:110 , kíʔroʔš ‘he packs it’ H:110 , kihkíʔroʔš ‘he carried it’ RTC

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *kʔį́

Proto-Dakota *kʔį́

Lakota kʔį́ ‘carry on the back’ [čhą́wakʔį saddle] RTC , -wakʔį, pá- ‘a saddle, pack-saddle’ EB:436b , -wakʔį, phá- ‘saddle, pack-saddle’ EJ

Sioux Valley kʔį́ PAS

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere *kʔį́

Chiwere kʔį́ ‘carry another’s property for him’ W:244a , -kʔį, gi- ‘pack, carry’ LWR:7 , -kʔį, ra- LWR:24

Hoocąk kʔį́į ‘bag, v.tr. put into a bag’ KM:1728 , k’įį KM:2682 , -kʔį́, ru- , ruk’į

Proto-Dhegiha *kʔį́

Omaha-Ponca ʔį́ ‘carry on the back’ RTC

Kanza/Kaw kʔį́ RR

Osage kʔį́ LF:86b

Quapaw kʔį́ RR

Proto-Southeastern

Proto-Biloxi-Ofo

Biloxi ki, kidí; kitú (pl.) D&S:207b

Proto-Catawba

Catawba kida ‘carry, go’ KS

General comment

The Mandan form kihkíʔroʔš has layered ki- prefixes.

Other languages

  • Yuchi kʔõ ‘carry’ LB
Details Language Word Source