turn over (4)

physical_motion

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan *kxų́he

Proto-Crow-Hidatsa *-xxua < *-xxuhe

Crow iluxxúa ‘rest, lie down’ RG, GG:88

Hidatsa xxúa ‘lie, fall’ [rka] J , xúa ‘knock down with fist’ [< xua fall down] J , xxúa, na- ‘run over, kick over’ [ra] J , xxua, ara- ‘throw down by teeth’ J , xxua, ná- ‘throw down, pull down’ J , xxua, nú- ‘push down, push over’ J , xxua, pá-

Pre-Mandan *-kxų•h-

Mandan irų́kxų•hoʔš ‘he lay down’ RTC , kxų́hoʔš ‘he lays [sic] down v.i.’ H:126 , -kxų́hoʔš, ka- ‘he knocks it over’ H:127 , -kxų́hoʔš, ra- ‘he kicks it over’ H:127

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *-kšų́

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere

Hoocąk kšų́, nąą- ‘tip over something standing; spill with foot’ KM:2196, WL:18.8 , nąąkšų ‘tip over; bend down without breaking, tr.’ KM:3372 , kšų́, wa- ‘shed (as, deer his antlers)’ KM:3373 , wakšų , kšų́, wa- , wakšų

Proto-Dhegiha *-šǫ́

Kanza/Kaw bašǫ́ ‘close a knife blade, fold shut’ RR

Quapaw dišǫ́ ‘pull over and spill’ RR

General comment

The MVS forms show a different fricative symbolism grade from the rest.

Details Language Word Source