bird > game bird, turkey

noun animal_bird

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan *awą́•-re

Proto-Crow-Hidatsa

Hidatsa wá•ra• itá•khupe ‘dove’ [X + ‘owl’] J , má•ra• itá•khupe

Pre-Mandan *wą•-

Mandan wárų ‘turkey’ H:275 , wą́•rek ‘large bird’ RTC , wą́•reksuk ‘bird’ RTC

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *mą

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere

Chiwere wa•yįkʔų́•mą ‘bird’s nest’ JDH

Hoocąk mą́ą ‘to nest; nest (of birds); place, nest’ KM:1930 , mąą

Proto-Dhegiha

Quapaw ‘crow’ JOD

Proto-Southeastern *amá•ni

Proto-Biloxi-Ofo *amą́•(-ni)

Biloxi ma, mani , †má•(ni) ‘turkey, turkeys’ D&S:226a , ma•neʔ , †má•(ni) ‘turkey’

Ofo amaⁿ´ , †amą́ ‘turkey’ D&S:320b

Proto-Tutelo-Saponi

Tutelo māndùhkāi, māndāhkāi , †mą•dahka•i ‘turkey’ H , manēasēi, manēasān , †mąné asą́ ‘duck, goose’ H

Saponi maosti ‘turkey cock beard’ JM

General comment

These terms seem to be derived from *(a)wą•- ‘large game bird’.

This root is better preserved in various DH compounds, v. ‘crow > blackbird’. Cf.

also ‘dove, pigeon’.

Other languages

  • Powhatan monnagh, monassaw Strachey ‘turkey’
Details Language Word Source