big (2)

verb perceptual_visual

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *xąte

Proto-Dakota

Dakota †xį́ča ~ †xį ‘very’ SRR:165a

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere

Chiwere xą́ñe ‘big’ RR

Otoe xąǰé ‘big’ RTC , xąǰé• ‘very big’ JDH , xąǰé•dąną JDH

Hoocąk xeté ‘be big, large’ KM:3889 , xete

Proto-Dhegiha

Omaha-Ponca xą́de ‘large bunch, all’ [from Hahn's correspondence with Boas]

General comment

Cf. ‘augmentative (2)’. Hoocąk t is a reflex of *R, whereas the other languages appear to have reflexes of *t. Chiwere, Otoe, Omaha-Ponca are the only true matches, so this term may represent an innovation that diffused regionally.

Details Language Word Source