augmentative (2)

n/a

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan *xtE

Proto-Crow-Hidatsa

Crow -šta ‘very’ [augmentative] RG

Pre-Mandan *xte-

Mandan xtéʔš ‘it’s big’ [2nd element of many compounds] RTC

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *xtE

Proto-Dakota *xtA

Lakota -xčA ‘augmentative’ RTC

Dakota -xčA ‘augmentative’ [Ft. Totten Wahpeton; Minnesota] PAS , -xča ~ xčį; -xče

Stoney htįǰága ~ xtįǰága ‘great’ [+ ablaut] PAS

Sioux Valley -xčA ~ x PAS

Proto-Southeastern

Proto-Tutelo-Saponi

Tutelo paqti, pāxtē , †pa•xte• ‘none (sic), nose’ H

General comment

Cf. ‘augmentative (1)’, ‘big (2)’. The Tutelo form is actually glossed ‘none’, but we believe this to be a typo because it is immediately adjacent to ‘nose’ pāhtēi and appears to be merely a variant transcription. Crow shows the š-grade.

Details Language Word Source