adverbializer

suffix n/a

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan *-ha•

Proto-Crow-Hidatsa *-ha•

Crow -aa RG

Hidatsa -ha• ‘adverbializer’ J

Pre-Mandan

Mandan -ha ‘times (with numeral)’ RTC

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *-ha

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere *-ha

Chiwere núhan/núnhan , †nų́hą ‘twice; adv. num.’ JGT:51

Hoocąk nųųbą́hą ‘twice’ KM:2382 , nųųpahą

Proto-Dhegiha *-ha ? RR

Omaha-Ponca -ha (?)

Kanza/Kaw -ha ‘in N places’ RR

Osage -ha ‘in N parts’ LF:153a

Proto-Southeastern

Proto-Biloxi-Ofo

Ofo -ha [cf. ‘one, two’]

General comment

We reconstruct length on the basis of Crow and Hidatsa. Nasality in Chiwere/Hoocąk is unexplained.

Details Language Word Source