2nd singular possessor

pronoun n/a

Proto-Siouan-Catawba *yi(•)-

Proto-Siouan *yi•- ~ *yį•-

Proto-Crow-Hidatsa *ri-

Crow dii- RG , dí-/__C JEK

Hidatsa ri- J , ni-, n-/__V

Pre-Mandan

Mandan rį- ‘2nd possessive’ RTC

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *ri(•)-

Proto-Dakota *ni-

Dakota ni-

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere

Chiwere ri•- RR

Proto-Dhegiha *ri-´ inalienable RR , *rí-hta alienable RR

Omaha-Ponca ði-´, ðí-tta ~ ðiðí-tta ‘alienable’

Kanza/Kaw yi-´, yí-tta

Osage ði-´, ðí-hta

Quapaw di-´, dí-tta

Proto-Southeastern *yi- ~ *yį

Proto-Biloxi-Ofo

Biloxi hi- ~ i- (w. spouse), ay- /__V (w. father, mother)

Ofo ča-, čį-

Proto-Tutelo-Saponi

Tutelo yi-, hi-, yį- H

Proto-Catawba

Catawba yi- [classes 2-3] FS , ya- [classes 4-7] , y- [class 1]

General comment

Variable nasality in this and analogous other prefixes deserves further investigation. Siebert (1945) believed it related to noun classes.

Details Language Word Source