1st singular possessor, inalienable

pronoun n/a

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan *wi• ~ *wį•

Proto-Crow-Hidatsa

Crow bii [with some body parts ?]

Hidatsa mi• [with some body parts ?]

Pre-Mandan

Mandan wį- [with most body parts] RTC

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *mį-, *wi-

Proto-Dakota *mį-

Lakota mi-

Dakota mi-

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere

Chiwere hį•-´ RR

Proto-Dhegiha *wí-

Omaha-Ponca wi-

Kanza/Kaw wi-

Osage wi-

Quapaw wi-

Proto-Southeastern *wį-

Proto-Biloxi-Ofo

Ofo mį-

Proto-Tutelo-Saponi

Tutelo wi- ~ mi- ~ mį-

General comment

Variability in nasality of these prefixes remains unexplained just as in the independent pronouns. The variability extends to second and third persons also. In Catawba, Siebert (1945) found nasality to correspond to noun/verb classes. It is not phonologically conditioned in any observable sense.

Details Language Word Source