the

particle n/a

Proto-Siouan-Catawba *kį•

Proto-Siouan *-kį

Pre-Mandan

Mandan -ki ‘subordination marker’ RTC

Proto-Mississipi-Valley

Proto-Dakota

Lakota kį, ki ‘def.art.; subordination marker’ EB:308b

Proto-Southeastern

Proto-Biloxi-Ofo

Biloxi ḳiⁿhiⁿ , †kįhį ‘the’ D&S:315b

Proto-Catawba

Catawba ‘the’ PV:55f , -kį• ‘the little one’ KS:223 , -kį• in: tų́kį• ‘the’ KS:223 , -kį•- ‘the’ KS:223 , -kį•- in: -kį•ye ‘the’ in: tusikį•ye ‘the dove’ , kį•- , kį•- in: kį•tʻ

General comment

The Mandan form may be a switch-reference marker. There is a Tutelo cognate for the article.

Details Language Word Source