wound

verb transitive physical_somatic_disease

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan *(ó-)ʔo

Proto-Crow-Hidatsa *úʔ

Crow ‘hit target’ GG:58

Hidatsa úʔ ‘shoot and wound’ J , úʔu

Pre-Mandan *:u-

Mandan úʔš ‘he wounded it’ RTC

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *ʔo•

Proto-Dakota *ʔo

Lakota ʔó ‘wound sth.’ RTC

Dakota ʔó ‘shoot and hit’ SRR:344a

Sioux Valley o ‘shoot’ PAS

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere *ʔo RR

Chiwere ó ‘wound’ JGT:285

Hoocąk óo ‘hit the mark’ KM:2405 , oo ‘hit the mark’ KM:2404 , hiʔó ‘?’ MM , hi’o , ʔo , oo

Proto-Dhegiha *ʔo•

Omaha-Ponca oo , †ʔo• ‘shoot, wound’

Kanza/Kaw ó ~ ó• ‘shoot, wound’ RR

Osage u , †ʔo ‘wound, hurt’ LF:165a

Quapaw íyo , †í-o ‘shoot, wound’ JOD

Proto-Southeastern

Proto-Biloxi-Ofo

Biloxi ódi , †ódi ‘shoot’ D&S:239b , kiyó , †ódi ‘shoot for one [benefactive]’ D&S:239b

General comment

Glottalization of the inclusive prefix in Dakotan argues for the initial laryngeal. The accentual pattern in Osage suggests the former presence of a segment before the laryngeal, possibly the locative prefix *o-. Thus, perhaps, from ‘shoot into’ > ‘wound’.

Details Language Word Source