swell (2)

verb physical_condition_change

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan *phó

Proto-Crow-Hidatsa *póSSV-

Crow póssee ‘pop; crackle’ GG:54 , póttee ‘plop’ GG:54, RGG:93 , poppasshí ‘popping sound’ RGG:93

Hidatsa póššahi ‘a popping sound’ J

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *pho

Proto-Dakota *phópa

Lakota naphópa ‘burst, explode’ RTC , phópa ‘burst’ EB:445a , pópa, na- ‘burst, as a boiler, a gun, corn (popcorn); burst something’ EB:355 , pópa, pa- ‘make burst or pop squeezing or pressing’ EB:432 , popa, wayá- ‘make burst by biting’ EB:564 , popa, wayú- ‘cause to burst’ EB:571 , pobə́, ka- ‘burst with a noise’ EB:287 , pobə́, na- ‘burst with a noise’ EB:354 , pobə́, pa- ‘burst’ EB:432

Proto-Dhegiha *phohki

Omaha-Ponca gaphókki ‘make sound by hitting’ , gapúki

Kanza/Kaw dáphokke ‘pop’ RR , phokke, bó- ‘smacking sound’ RR , phókke, bü- ‘make a popping sound from bursting’ RR , phókki, ba- ‘pop, give off a popping noise (also causative)’ RR , phókki, ga- ‘popping sound made when hitting’ RR , phophokke, dá- ‘popcorn, be continually popping’ RR

Osage dáp̣oḳi (sic) , †dáphohki ‘explode’ LF:36a , p̣oḳié (sic) , †phohkié ‘a sound like the report of a gun or a popgun’ LF:129b

Proto-Southeastern

Proto-Biloxi-Ofo *pho

Biloxi tŭpó , †-pó ‘burst’ D&S:282a

Ofo pophû´ti , †pophúti ‘swell, puff out’ D&S:328b

Proto-Catawba

Catawba boʔ ‘shoot, explode’ KS , pu•su•ʔ ‘shoot with blowgun’ KS

General comment

The Catawba forms are presumably not both cognate with the Siouan forms, but out understanding of Siouan/Catawban sound correspondences does not permit us to determine which properly fits. Sound symbolism is evident here also.

Details Language Word Source