yesterday (1)

adverb time_phase

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan *sitó• (?)

Proto-Mississipi-Valley

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere

Chiwere θʔída ‘long ago’ JGT:69

Proto-Dhegiha *sitóti

Omaha-Ponca çidadi , †sidadi ‘yesterday’ MAS:192

Kanza/Kaw ʔsídoǰi ~ sidóǰi ‘yesterday’ RR

Osage çidódsi , †sitóci ‘yesterday’ LF:30a

Quapaw siótti ‘yesterday’ JOD

Proto-Southeastern

Proto-Tutelo-Saponi

Tutelo setoŋle , †sitǫ́•le ‘yesterday’ , sitō , †sito• ‘yesterday’ H:1883a , šitóre , †sito• JOD:1882 , citóre , †sito•

Proto-Catawba

Catawba sųdá• KS, G

General comment

This is quite evidently a morphemically complex form; a string of deictic particles that includes a temporal plus one or more locatives. If there was a Proto-Siouan *sitó it should have received aspiration by rule, but it did not. The Chiwere form might help explain the strange ʔ in Kanza/Kaw, but glottalization is irregular here in any event. All in all this is not a very satisfying analysis or reconstruction. Cf. ‘time reference’.

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