wipe > rub, sweep

verb physical_contact_manipulation

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan *kįSE

Pre-Mandan *-kiš-

Mandan -kíšoʔš, pa- ‘he wiped it off’ RTC , -kíšoʔš, ka- ‘she swept it’ RTC , -kíšoʔš, ra- ‘he brushes it with foot’ H:112 , -kíšoʔš, ru- ‘he rubs it’ H:112 , íkakiška ‘broom’ H:112

Proto-Mississipi-Valley

Proto-Dakota

Lakota -kįžA, ipá- ‘rub, as one’s eyes with the hands’ EB:230

General comment

The roots have a surface similarity, but note that Mandan and Lakota disagree for the fricative grade and nasalization.

Details Language Word Source