wing (1)

physical_somatic_body_part_animal

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan *xupa ~ *xųpa

Proto-Crow-Hidatsa *ixpá

Crow iaxpá ‘wing’ GG:71, RGG:3

Hidatsa ixpá ‘wing’ J

Pre-Mandan *ą•xpa

Mandan ą́•pxa ‘wing’ RTC

Proto-Mississipi-Valley

Proto-Dakota *xupá-

Lakota xupáhu ‘wing’ RTC

Dakota ḣupáhu , †xupáhu ‘arm; wing’ SRR:168b

Proto-Southeastern

Proto-Biloxi-Ofo

Ofo tcĭshóᵐpka ‘wing’ D&S:329a , sóᵐpka , †są́pka ‘fish fin’ D&S:329a , nạsóᵐpka , †nəsą́pka [unglossed] JSS

General comment

Cf. ‘five (1)’, ‘plum’, ‘ballOfo is internally reconstructible to *-xąp- or *-xǫp-, so major subgroups disagree on which vowel(s) was/were nasal in Proto-Siouan. The -a- in Crow is from “breaking” of i before x; Hidatsa shows the Proto-Crow-Hidatsa state.

Details Language Word Source