spotted (1)

verb perceptual_visual

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan *(a-)pų́•sE

Proto-Crow-Hidatsa

Crow puuchí ‘striped, corrugated’ GG:54, RGG:97

Pre-Mandan

Mandan pųš ‘spotted’ H:160

Proto-Southeastern

Proto-Biloxi-Ofo

Biloxi apsûⁿ´ , †apsǫ́ ‘smallpox’ D&S:248b , sipí , †sipí ‘a pustule, as in small pox’ D&S:256a , sipsipí , †sipsipí ‘pitted’ D&S:256a

General comment

Although poorly attested and with irregular phonological developments, this set is supported by both the x and š grade fricative symbolism. All meanings are ‘spotted’ or ‘striped’. Nevertheless, doubts about cognacy remain. The Mandan form in Hollow occurs only in the word sípųška ‘prairie chicken’, literally “spotted feathers”. More recent informants say sípu•ška, no nasalization and long vowel.

Details Language Word Source