split (4)

verb physical_contact_deformation

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan *-sa•tE

Proto-Crow-Hidatsa

Hidatsa -ca•ti, pá- ‘poke at, stab at’ J , -ca•ti, ara- ‘climb’ J , ópca•ti ‘thread a needle’ J , ma•ʔi•pacá•ti ‘a fork’ J

Proto-Mississipi-Valley

Proto-Dhegiha *zaza(-te)

Omaha-Ponca záza ‘split’ , zázade ‘jagged’ MAS:104

Kanza/Kaw yazázabe ‘chew into slivers, chew to pieces’ RR , bázazabe ‘cut to slivers with a knife’ RR

Quapaw -zázatte, bi- ‘split from pressure’ RR , -zazatte, pá- ‘split, shred, cut to splinters’ RR , -zázatte, ba- ‘cut, stab to shreds’ RR , -zázatte, di- ‘pull to shreds’ RR , -zázatte, da- ‘chew something to slivers’ RR , -zázatte, ka- ‘chop to pieces, slivers’ RR , -zázatte, ną- ‘kick to pieces, splinters’ RR , -zazatte, pó- ‘punch, shoot to pieces’ RR

General comment

The following Hoocąk forms show the root with a different extension: hiruzák ‘split (wood) lengthwise; pull limb down and off tree; make into slivers’ KM-1069, waazák ‘spread apart’ KM-3967. The Kanza/Kaw root is unquestionably cognate but occurs with a different root extension. In Omaha-Ponca the root is also found without extensions.

Details Language Word Source