split (1)

verb physical_contact_deformation

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan [old reconstruction only]

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *sré-kE

Proto-Dakota *srékA

Lakota -sleča ‘split, e.g. wood with an ax’ RTC , -sléča, ka- ‘crack or split; to crack or split of itself, as a board or the earth in winter’ EB:289 , -sléča, na- ‘split, e.g. a hide, sack, etc., with a knife’ EB:357 , -sléča, pa- ‘saw, to slit or rip up by sawing; to split something with a knife’ EB:433 , -sléča, wa- ‘split by shooting or punching’ EB:549 , -sléča, wo- ‘split with the teeth’ EB:608 , -sléča, ya- ‘split with one’s hands, to tear, e.g. meat’ EB:627 , -sléča, yu- EB:649

Dakota sdéća SRR:432

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere *sréke

Chiwere waθlége GM

Hoocąk serék ‘be long and thin’ , serek ‘cut long and thin’ KM:2015 , -séreserek, mąą- , mąąsereserek

Proto-Dhegiha *sRé-ke

Omaha-Ponca ugaçne , †ogasne ‘split’ MAS:162

Kanza/Kaw sčége ‘split’ RR

Osage stsége , †scéke LF:135a

Quapaw disté ‘split, pull off string’ JOD

General comment

Dakota has a complete Ablaut set -sleča, -šleča, -xléča B&D-17. Some languages have the -ke root extension but others do not. Note that the š grade in Quapaw does show -ke. Wolff reconstructed Proto-Siouan on the basis of MVS forms alone; there are no cognates outside of that area.

Details Language Word Source