willow, Salix sp.

plant

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan *ayú•xi ~ *arú•xi (?)

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *rú•ɣi

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere rú•ɣi

Chiwere luxí GM , rúxi JGT:281

Otoe lu•xwé• RR

Hoocąk ruuɣí ‘willow’ KM:2746 , ruuǧi

Proto-Dhegiha *rú•ɣe

Omaha-Ponca thíxe , †ðíɣe ‘Salix sp.’

Kanza/Kaw yǘ•ɣe, yǘ•ɣe ziga ‘willow, hard willow’ RR

Osage thiúxe , †ðǘɣe ‘willow tree’ LF:150b

Quapaw díɣe ‘willow’

Proto-Southeastern

Proto-Biloxi-Ofo

Biloxi ayuxú, áyuxudí , †ayux- ‘sweet gum tree’ D&S:296a

General comment

There may be two sets here, ‘pith’, with *o (Lakota čhoɣį́ ‘pith’ C Lakota čhoxwą́žiča ‘willow’ Otoe lo•xwé•), and ‘willow’, with *u. Dakota suggests this. Biloxi, with a different meaning, has a reflex of Proto-Siouan *y while most MVS languages have reflexes of *r. Biloxi compounds with -hu ‘tree’.

This term may have diffused like many tree terms. There are Iroquoian and Tunica look-alikes. Cf. ‘sycamore ? (birch, maple)

Other languages

  • Cf. Mithun 271 ‘willow’ Moh.: ó:se; Onon. ,Cay., Sen.: oséhtaʔ. Cf. Tunica: nɔ´ša MRH.
Details Language Word Source