short

verb perceptual_visual

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *tápE

Proto-Dakota

Lakota katáptapA ‘hew off small pieces’ EB:292 , kaṫápṫapa

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere

Hoocąk giǰáp ‘break off’ JWE , gijap

Proto-Dhegiha *táhpa < *tap + *ka

Omaha-Ponca dą́ppa ‘short’ JOD

Kanza/Kaw dáppa, ǰáppa ‘short’ RR

Osage táhpa, tą́ppa, cáhpa ‘small’ RR

Quapaw táppa ‘short’ [Dorsey says it is an OS loan] JOD

General comment

The DH forms derive from *tap + *-ka ‘qualifier’, with the usual DH *pk > *kp > hp = pp. Note the use of palatalization to create diminutive variants. The root is restricted to MVS.

Details Language Word Source