verb physical_action


Proto-Siouan *rį́ʔ

Proto-Crow-Hidatsa *riʔ

Crow dií ‘shoot at’ GG:44, RGG:53

Hidatsa riʔ ‘shoot at’ J , níʔi

Pre-Mandan *:rįʔ-

Mandan nį́ʔroʔš ‘he shot it’ RTC

General comment

This root is apparently restricted to the northern languages, where *hkú•te kept its original meaning of ‘throw’. This is is nice additional confirmation of the diffusional nature of shooting in Siouan.

Generally Hidatsa VʔV = Crow VV with rising pitch in monosyllables.

Details Language Word Source