shine (4)

verb perceptual_visual

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan *šą•

Pre-Mandan *są•si-

Mandan są́siʔš ‘it’s smooth, shiny, slick’ H:199 , kasą́•siʔš ‘he polished it’ RTC

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *žąžą́

Proto-Dakota *žąžą́

Lakota žąžą́, ožą́žą ‘glass’ RTC , žąžą́la ‘clear, transparent’ EB:267a , jaⁿjaⁿ´la

Dakota z´aŋ-z´áŋ , †žąžą́ ‘a vial, bottle, glass’ SRR:651a

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere

Chiwere wadáyanyan , †wadáyąyą ‘shine, (made to) glitter by filing’ JGT:226

General comment

Cf. also ‘shine (2)’, ‘shine (3)’ and *-są•white (1)’. The second syllable of the Mandan form is not explained but may be and old reduplication pattern. (Cf. Mandan pą•pithin’.) Crow sáašii ‘shining’ (GG-55, DEC-48) presumably reflects Proto-Crow-Hidatsa *tá•ti or *tá•ši. The former looks possible as a t-grade spirant ablaut form here.

Details Language Word Source