sharp (1)

perceptual_tactile

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan *pusa

Proto-Crow-Hidatsa *apcá

Crow attá ‘sharp’ GG:105

Hidatsa apcá ‘sharp’ J , wiʔpcá ‘axe’ J , miʔipcá ‘axe’ WM , maĭptsa

Proto-Southeastern

Proto-Biloxi-Ofo

Biloxi pû´tsa, pŭtsa, pŭtsŭ, pŭtsí , †pútsa ‘sharp, sharp-edged’ D&S:250a

Proto-Catawba

Catawba pαsé’ ‘axe’ FGS

General comment

Cf. ‘axe’. The modern Hidatsa form is from wiʔ ‘stone’ + pca ‘sharp’.

The form recorded by Washington Matthews is wa-absolutive-i- ‘instrumental’ -pca ‘sharp’. In uncompounded form, Hidatsa has apca.

Details Language Word Source