scrape > scratch, grate, rake

verb physical_contact_manipulation

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan *kʔéxE

Pre-Mandan *-kEx-

Mandan kÉx ‘scrape, rake’ H:106 , -kéxoʔš, pa- ‘he scrapes it, rakes it’ H:106 , -kéxoʔš, ka- ‘he rakes it clean’ H:106 , -kéxoʔš, ra- ‘he scrapes it with feet’ H:106 , -kéxoʔš, ru- ‘he scrapes, rakes, cleans it’ H:106

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *kʔéɣE

Proto-Dakota *kʔéɣA

Lakota kʔéɣa ‘grate, scrape’ EB:320b , -kʔéga, ya- ‘make a grating noise with the teeth’ EB:623 , -kʔéga, ka- ‘make a grating noise’ EB:281 , -kʔéga, pa- ‘scrape with the hand and with glass’ EB:429 , -kʔéga, wa- ‘butcher; also, to choke or strangle’ EB:534 , -kʔéga, na- ‘scratch, using the spurs upon a horse’ EB:350 , -kʔéga, yu- ‘scratch, as after itching’ EB:643

Dakota ḳe´ġa , †kʔéɣa ‘grate, scrape’ SRR:301a

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere

Hoocąk -kʔex ‘scrape, scratch’ [Vroot only] KM:1726 , -k’ex ‘slip, as on ice’ KM:2182 , -kʔéx, nąą- , nąąk’ex

General comment

Cf. also ‘make marks > mark, scratch’ and ‘scrape > peel’.

Details Language Word Source