sand (2)

noun physical_substance

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan *hpu•xáh-kE

Proto-Crow-Hidatsa *pu•xaka

Crow puuxká ‘dirt, dust’ GG:54, RGG:92

Hidatsa pú•xaka ‘sand’ J

Pre-Mandan

Mandan púxak ‘fine sand’ H:161

Proto-Southeastern

Proto-Biloxi-Ofo

Biloxi pxaki´ , †pxaki ‘sand’ D&S:246a

General comment

Cf. ‘dry (1)’; ‘sand (1)’. We reconstruct an anomalous accent/length pattern.

sand (1)’ appears to be an -he final stem. ‘sand (2)’ may also be. The Hidatsa form appears to be an old nominalization (with suffixal -ka) from pu•xE ‘crush fine, grind’ (see ‘crush (1)’). At the very least, we should suspect contamination from this verb of an inherited noun.

Details Language Word Source