white (1)

perceptual_visual_color

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan *asą́•(-hą)

Proto-Crow-Hidatsa

Crow táachii ‘clear, bright’ GG:57

Hidatsa átakE ‘white, pale, bleached, clear’ J , átaki

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *są́•(-hą)

Proto-Dakota *są

Lakota ‘whitish’ RTC

Dakota ‘whitish’ PAS

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere *są́•

Chiwere θą ‘bright, clear’ GM

Hoocąk są́ą ‘white, pale’ KM:2801 , sąą

Proto-Dhegiha *są́(-hą)

Omaha-Ponca ‘whitish’ RTC

Kanza/Kaw są́ ‘distant white’ RR

Osage çóⁿhoⁿ , †są́hą ‘whitened animal skins, resembling white’ LF:32a

Quapaw są́ ~ są́hą ‘white in the distance’ JOD

Proto-Southeastern *asą́

Proto-Biloxi-Ofo *asą́

Biloxi asąʔ MRH, MS , sáⁿ, asáⁿ D&S:251a

Ofo afháⁿ , †afhą́ D&S:319a

Proto-Tutelo-Saponi

Tutelo asùñi; asañi, asai, asei, asáñi, asāi, aséi , †asą́i N, H

General comment

Cf. ‘shine (2)’, ‘shine (4)*šą•, *xą•. Mandan šą́ši ‘smooth’ may ultimately be related to this set. If Crow fits here (Proto-Siouan *s > Crow t /__a), then Hidatsa must be a borrowing from Crow. Proto-Siouan *s appears as Hidatsa c. The borrowing, if it occurred, happened prior to the change k > č in Crow.

Details Language Word Source