road (1), path

physical_spatial

Proto-Siouan-Catawba *yą-

Proto-Siouan *yą́•ku

Pre-Mandan

Mandan rą́•ku ‘road’ RTC

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *yą́•ku

Proto-Dakota *čhąkú

Lakota čhąkú ‘road’ RTC

Dakota ćaŋkú ‘road, way, path, trail’ SRR:90a

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere *ną́•-

Chiwere ną́•wų ‘road’ RR

Hoocąk nąągú ‘road, path’ KM:2146 , nąągu

Proto-Dhegiha *ožą́ke

Omaha-Ponca ožą́ge ‘road, path’ RR

Kanza/Kaw ožą́ge ‘road, path’ RR

Osage uzhóⁿge , †ožą́ke ‘trail, path, road’ LF:182b

Quapaw ožą́ke ‘road, path’ RR

Proto-Catawba

Catawba yąʔ ‘trail, road, path’ KS

Woccon yaub JL

General comment

Cf. ‘road (2)’. DH has generalized the common nominal suffix -ke.

Chiwere ną́•wų apparently contains a different suffix (or perhaps it is a second root), with only the first half cognate with Hoocąk. JGT92-216 contains several competing Chiwere forms which he transcribes náwun, na^ún, ná^un, náun, náwo, where ^ is ordinarily used for both and . In this instance it probably represents a glottal stop. The w of the form is probably a replacement glide.

Details Language Word Source