whistle (1), chirp

perceptual_auditory

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan *so•

Proto-Crow-Hidatsa *có•pE

Crow čóopi ‘chirp’ GG:39, RGG:93

Hidatsa có•pE ‘chirp’ J

Pre-Mandan *šop-

Mandan šopkáʔ ‘prairie dog, groundhog, gopher’ RTC

Proto-Mississipi-Valley

Proto-Dhegiha *sóte

Omaha-Ponca zude , †zode MAS:187

Kanza/Kaw mąsóǰe ‘flute’ RR

Osage thaçúçue , †ðasósoe LF:140a , Moⁿço´tse gaxa , †mąsóce ‘Whistle Creek’ LF:97b

Proto-Southeastern

Proto-Biloxi-Ofo *soti (?)

Biloxi sâde, sâdĕdí, sâdedí , †soti ‘whistle as a man or boy’ D&S:250b , sĭsotí , †soti ‘type of cricket (green, long-legged)’ D&S:251a

Ofo fạ́tfạte , †fə́tfəte ‘to whistle’ D&S:323b

General comment

Omaha-Ponca and Kanza/Kaw disagree on fricative voicing. Osage voicing is unmarked in LaFlesche. Different subgroups show different extensions.

Details Language Word Source