red (2)

verb perceptual_visual_color

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan *ašú•te

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *šú•te

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere *šú•če

Chiwere šú•ǰe ‘red’ RR

Hoocąk šuuč KM:2993 , šuuc

Proto-Dhegiha *žǘ•te

Omaha ží•de ‘red’ RTC

Ponca žíʔde ~ žítte ‘red’ [So. Ponca] RR

Kanza/Kaw žǘ•ǰe ‘red’ RR

Osage žǘce ‘red’ RR

Quapaw žítte ‘red’ RR

Proto-Southeastern *ačhú•ti

Proto-Biloxi-Ofo *əčhú•ti

Biloxi ạtcūtka, tcūt, tctí , †əču•t-ka ‘red’ D&S:266a

Ofo ạtchúti, tcúti , †əčhúti ‘red’ D&S:321b

Proto-Tutelo-Saponi

Tutelo atsūti, atçūti, atçūt , †aču•ti ‘red’ H , ‘tcuṭq , †aču•ti HW

General comment

Dakotan shows a total merger of ‘red’ and ‘ripe’ through contamination.

Thus Lakota lúta ‘red’ and Dakota dúta ‘red, scarlet’ (R-109) have the meaning of comparable forms in this entry, but the phonemic shape of entries in the ‘ripe, cooked’ entry. The Biloxi forms čtí and (a)čú•t are both frequently attested, and may reflect a canonical rule in that language. The DH forms should have initial š rather than ž, so there are interesting initial irregularities in two of the three MVS subgroups.

Details Language Word Source