rabbit

noun animal_mammal

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan *wąšetįka (?)

Pre-Mandan

Mandan wą́•xtik ‘rabbit’ RTC

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *mąštį́ke ~ *mąštį́ka

Proto-Dakota *mąštį́ka

Lakota maštį́ča ‘rabbit’ RTC

Dakota maṡtíŋća , †maštį́ča ‘rabbit’ SRR:309a

Stoney maštíyą ‘rabbit’ PAS

Sioux Valley maštį́ča ‘rabbit’ PAS

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere *-štį́ke

Chiwere mįščį́ŋe; mįščį́ʔxą́ñe ‘jackrabbit’ GM

Hoocąk wašǰį́k ‘rabbit’ KM:3480 , wašjįk

Proto-Dhegiha *mąštį́ka ~ *mąštį́ke

Omaha mǫštį́ga ‘rabbit’ RTC

Ponca mąščį́ge ‘rabbit’ [So. Ponca] RR

Kanza/Kaw mąščį́ge ~ mǫščį́ge ‘rabbit’ RR

Osage mąšcį́ka ‘rabbit’ RR , moⁿshtiⁿge , †mąštį́ge ‘cottontail rabbit’ LF:102a

Quapaw mǫštį́ke ‘rabbit’ RR

Proto-Southeastern

Proto-Biloxi-Ofo *ačhétka

Biloxi čɛtkaʔ ‘rabbit’ MRH, MS , tcĕtká , †četká ‘rabbit’ D&S:262b

Ofo ačhétka ‘rabbit’ D&S:321b , ạtchétka, atchĕ´tka

General comment

There is considerable variation in the precise form of this trickster term including quality/nasalization of initial V, the following fricative, and the suffix and its vowel. Outside of MVS the variation is more extreme.

The lack of nasalization of the Hoocąk initial syllable vowel as well as Chiwere initial syllable į are not accounted for. The final syllable of the Stoney form is not accounted for. If the Mandan and MVS forms, on the one hand, are cognate with the Proto-Biloxi-Ofo, on the other, then Proto-Siouan might have been something like *wąšetįka with different vowels lost in the different subfamilies. Crow iischí ‘jack rabbit’ (GG-80, DEC-3) is cognate with Hidatsa i•taki ‘jack rabbit’ and does not belong to this set.

Other languages

  • *wa:poswa ‘rabbit’; *meʔθa:poswa ‘great hare, culture hero’, Menomini meʔnapus Aubin-1238.
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