quiet; rustle

verb perceptual_auditory

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan

Pre-Mandan *í-hap-

Mandan íhapinista ‘Be quiet!’ [imperative plural] RTC

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *xá•pE

Proto-Dakota *xápA

Lakota xápA ‘rustle, make a rustling noise’ EB:192a

Dakota †xápa ‘make a rustling noise’ SRR:162a

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere *xa•p-

Chiwere xap’are ‘Sh!’ LWR:38

Hoocąk xaapgų́nį ‘be still, quiet’ KM:3853 , xaapgųnį

Proto-Southeastern

Proto-Biloxi-Ofo

Biloxi xyĭ´wahĕ´di, xyuwáhedí , †xíwahédi ‘make rustling noise’ D&S:226a

General comment

If Mandan is really cognate, it should have a long vowel and x instead of h. Biloxi -wahĕdi means ‘make a noise, cry out’.

Details Language Word Source