play (2)

verb social

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *šká•tE

Proto-Dakota *škátA

Lakota škátA ‘play’ RTC

Dakota škátA ‘play’ PAS

Sioux Valley škátA ‘play’ PAS

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere *šká•te

Chiwere šká•ǰe ‘play’ RR

Hoocąk šgáač ‘play’ KM:2936 , šgaac

Proto-Dhegiha *šká•te

Omaha-Ponca šká•de ‘play’ RR

Kanza/Kaw škáǰe ‘play’ RR

Osage shkádse , †škáce ‘play, sport’ LF:132a

Quapaw škátte ‘play’ RR

General comment

play (1)’ is found in Mandan and Proto-Southeastern; ‘play (2)’ is found only in MVS.

This is an excellent example of the periphery effect, with a central replacement.

Details Language Word Source