negative (3)

n/a

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan *rį

Proto-Crow-Hidatsa *-tha• < **-rha• < ***rV-ha•

Crow -ssaa ‘not’ GG

Hidatsa -tha• ‘not’ J

Pre-Mandan *-rį-

Mandan -xi- ~ -rįx- ‘negative’ RTC

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *-nį

Proto-Dakota *-nį

Lakota -ni ‘negative (narrow scope)’ RTC , -šni ‘negative (clausal scope)’ RTC

Dakota tákuni , †-ni ‘nothing’ SRR:455b , -śni , †-šni ‘adverb of negation; no, not’ SRR:447a

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere *-nį

Chiwere †-nį škúñį ‘negative’ RR

Hoocąk -nį , †-nį šgų́nį ‘negative’ RR

Proto-Southeastern *nį

Proto-Biloxi-Ofo *ni

Biloxi ni ‘negative’ PFE:86

Ofo ni ‘not’ D&S:326b

Proto-Tutelo-Saponi

Tutelo ki-ą-na ~ -ni ‘negative’ GO

General comment

Proto-Crow-Hidatsa *-ha• is the adverbializer.

Details Language Word Source