mother (2) (vocative)

noun social_kin

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan *i-rą́

Pre-Mandan *rą

Mandan rąʔé• ‘mother (vocative)’ RTC

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *i-ną

Proto-Dakota *iną́

Lakota iná ‘mother’ RTC

Assiniboine iná PAS:659

Stoney iná PAS:659

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere

Chiwere hį́ną RR

Proto-Dhegiha *i-ną́

Omaha-Ponca nǫháw , †į́nąhą ‘my mother’ JOD

Kanza/Kaw įną́ ‘mother’ RR

Osage įną́ ‘mother’ RR

Quapaw įdá ‘mother’ RR

Proto-Southeastern

Proto-Tutelo-Saponi

Tutelo hīnā´ , †(h)i•ną• LJF , īnā, henā, henùñ , †(h)i•ną• H , hinéⁿeⁿ , †(h)i•ną• HW

General comment

Accent and length are uncertain in this reconstruction. Both Tutelo (length) and Chiwere suggest initial syllable accent, and Tutelo also suggests that the root vowel was long. Quapaw inexplicably has an oral consonant.

Details Language Word Source