mortar

noun physical_artefact_tool

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan *ho•

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *ho•-

Proto-Dakota *hųphe

Lakota hų́phe ‘digging stick’ EJ

Dakota hoƞpé , †hųphé ‘digging stick, pestle’ SRR:154

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere

Hoocąk hoonį́ ‘large wooden mortar and pestle’ KM:1450 , hoonį

Proto-Dhegiha *hó-e

Omaha-Ponca úhe , †óhe ‘mortar’

Kanza/Kaw hophé ‘mortar of gouged out wood’ RR , hówe ‘mortar’ JOD , howé ‘mortar’ RR

Osage hówe ‘mortar, coffee mill, grist mill’ LF:67b , hówe ‘mortar’ LF:63a , hóe , hóe

Quapaw húṭĕ , †hóde ‘mortar for pounding corn’

Proto-Southeastern

Proto-Biloxi-Ofo

Biloxi o, xo , †ho ‘break to pieces’ D&S:222a

General comment

Cf. ‘pound, mortar’, ‘grind, pound’. The Dakota forms may possibly be a recent compound of *ho• with *ʔų ‘do’ and *phegrind, pound’. Cf. also Kanza/Kaw. DH forms generally reflect ho-e with a variety of epenthesized glides. The second element here might be ‘food’, q.v.

Details Language Word Source