man, person (1)

noun person

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan *wą́•ke

Proto-Crow-Hidatsa

Crow bacheé ‘man’

Pre-Mandan

Mandan rųwą́k ‘man’ RTC

Proto-Mississipi-Valley

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere *wą́•ke

Chiwere wą́ŋe ‘man’ W:236b

Hoocąk wąąk# ~ wąąg- ‘man’ JWE , wąąk

Proto-Southeastern *wą•ki, *wą•(hk-)

Proto-Biloxi-Ofo

Biloxi ʔąya•deʔ ‘person, man’ MRH , ąya•diʔ MS , aⁿyá, haⁿyá, áⁿya, aⁿyádi, hąyadí D&S:178b

Ofo áñkwa , †ą́kwa ‘person, someone’ D&S:323a , aⁿk-hó̄shka , †ą́kwa ‘baby’ D&S:323a

Proto-Tutelo-Saponi

Tutelo †mą•ḳi ‘husband’ GO, H:1879 , mą’ganą’kasit’ , †mąhkanąka ‘negro’ ES , māxkanakā´sit , †mąhkanąka ‘negro’ LJF , wā´xkanaka ~ waxkanáka , †mąhkanąka ‘whiteman’ LJF , wáhtahka, waaiyuā; waiwaq , †mąhkanąka N, H

Proto-Catawba

Catawba ‘man’ FGS

General comment

Cf. 1st inclusive actor prefix, which is apparently derived from, or remodeled on the basis of, this noun. The Catawba term is doubtfully related, but if the Proto-Siouan form had the initial sequence rather than dissimilation would be in order and Catawba might be related. Additional segmentation is possible, as the initial syllable may be absolutive *wa-. In Crow bacheé the consonants and vowels match except for V length and accent.

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