left (side or hand)

verb, noun physical_spatial

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan *(i-)rátka

Proto-Crow-Hidatsa *i-ráhkiša

Crow iláhčisa ‘left hand or side’ RG, GG:87, RGG:64

Hidatsa irahkiša ‘left side or hand’ J

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *rátka

Proto-Dakota *čha_tká

Lakota čhatká ‘left hand’ RTC

Dakota ćatká , †ča_tká ‘left handed’ SRR:96b

Stoney čakta RKH

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere *rátke

Chiwere a•ráhǰe ‘left, left hand or arm’ RR

Hoocąk (hoi)ráčge ‘the left, n.’ KM:1318 , (hoi)racge

Proto-Dhegiha *ráhta

Omaha-Ponca tháta , †ðátta ‘left handed’ MAS:112

Kanza/Kaw yátta ‘left’ RR

Osage tháṭa , †ðáhta ‘left-handed’ LF:288b

Quapaw dátta ‘left hand or side’ JOD

General comment

Dakotan forms suggest the influence of *i- possessive in ‘left hand’; thus *r > *y.

Details Language Word Source