know (1)

verb psychic_cognition

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan *ų-spé•

Proto-Mississipi-Valley

Proto-Dakota *ų-spe

Lakota ųspé ‘know’ RTC

Stoney ų́spe PAS

Proto-Southeastern *ų-spé•

Proto-Biloxi-Ofo *į-spé

Biloxi spĕ´, cpi , †įspé ‘know how to’ D&S:257b , iⁿspĕ´xtitu , †įspé ‘they know very well how to do it’

Ofo afpĕ´ni ‘forget, not know’ D&S:319a , iⁿ´fpĕ , †įfpe ‘know’ D&S:325a

Proto-Tutelo-Saponi

Tutelo koñspēwa , †ųspe• ‘think, remember’ [< ki + ǫspe + na bipartite negative] H , kíąkoⁿcpéwa , †ųspe• ‘remember’ JOD , kíoⁿcpéna , †ųspe• ‘not know’ JOD

General comment

Our reconstruction of length is based solely on a) Tutelo, where it is attested and b) position in the word, where it is expected.

Details Language Word Source