vine

plant

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan *-tuhu

Proto-Crow-Hidatsa

Hidatsa túa ‘ripe, as grass; green’ J

Proto-Mississipi-Valley

Proto-Dakota

Lakota saƞṫuhu , †sątuhu ‘species of red grass’ EB:452

Proto-Southeastern

Proto-Biloxi-Ofo

Biloxi tóhu , †tóhu ‘rattan vine’ D&S:258b , ṭóhu sû´pka , †tóhu ‘black rattan vine’ D&S:258b , maⁿtúhu , †mątúhu ‘leather vine’ D&S:229b , tohudi , †tohudi ‘rattan vine’

Ofo ānthū´hi, aⁿtóhi , †ą•thú•hi ‘vines, creepers’ D&S:321a, JSS

General comment

The second u may represent an assimilation product since final u is relatively rare, cf. ‘tree, bone, leg, stalk, stem, trunk’. If this is the case, the reconstruction may be *tuhe. If Lakota is correct, this form did not have Proto-Siouan aspiration. Ofo aspiration then would have to be due to the synchronically active Ofo second syllable aspiration rule. Moreover, Biloxi initial m- is irregular as initial labial resonants are lost in both Biloxi and Ofo. Hidatsa tua may also reflect ‘blue, green’, q.v.

Details Language Word Source