hawk (2), Buteo

noun animal_bird

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan *kyąSká

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *kyąšká

Proto-Dakota *čhąšká

Lakota čhąšká ‘large hawk’ EB:123b

Dakota ćaŋśká ‘hawk’ SRR:92b

Proto-Dhegiha *krąšká

Omaha-Ponca gthoⁿshká , †gðąšká F&LF:105

Quapaw xnąšká ‘largest species of hawk’ JOD

Proto-Southeastern

Proto-Biloxi-Ofo

Biloxi kiyaⁿská , †kiyąská ‘marsh hawk’ D&S:209b , tcoñktcona , †čǫkčona ‘a mythic hawk’ D&S:265b

General comment

The two roots for ‘hawk’ both have a *ky cluster, very uncommon, suggesting they may be derived forms of a single root. Quapaw initial is irregular. Biloxi may be cognate but may also be derived from earlier *kiʔą́ ‘fly’, q.v. The Biloxi sibilant should be č if this word is entirely cognate. The rarity of Proto-Siouan *ky as a cluster may indicate that this term did indeed incorporate ‘fly’ at an earlier period and that initial syllable syncope is responsible for the cluster. Cf. ‘hawk (1), falcon’.

Details Language Word Source