hair, fur, feathers

noun physical_somatic_body_part_animal

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan *i-hį́• ~ *i-hį́

Proto-Crow-Hidatsa *ií < *ihí

Crow ‘hair’ RG, GG:75

Hidatsa ‘hair, fur, body hair’ [rising pitch] J

Pre-Mandan

Mandan hį́ ‘hair, fur’ H:72 , pahį́ʔ ‘head hair’ RTC

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *hį́

Proto-Dakota *hį́

Lakota hį́ ‘hair, fur, down’ RTC

Dakota hį́ ‘hair, fur, down’ PAS

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere *hį́•

Chiwere hį́ W:235

Hoocąk hį́į ‘hair (of body)’ KM:1141 , hįį

Proto-Dhegiha *hį́

Omaha-Ponca hiⁿ ‘body hair’ MAS:91

Kanza/Kaw hį́ RR

Osage hiⁿ , †hį ‘hair, fur’ LF:60a

Quapaw hį́ RR

Proto-Southeastern *i-hį́•

Proto-Biloxi-Ofo *i-hį́

Biloxi hiⁿ , †ihį́ ‘hair, feathers’ D&S:198a , ihiⁿ´yaⁿ , †ihį́ ‘fur’ D&S:198a , ánahiⁿ , †ihį́ ‘head hair’ D&S:198a , anahęʔ , †ihį́ MRH, MS

Ofo iⁿhí, ihí , †ihí ~ †įhí ‘hair, feather, wool’ D&S:324a , apxā´hi , †ihí ~ †įhí ‘head hair’

Proto-Tutelo-Saponi

Tutelo yēhī, istihiōi , †-hi• ‘beard’ H

General comment

We are unable to resolve the contradictory testimony of Mandan and Tutelo for length. The other languages are not diagnostic for this feature in this entry. Rising pitch in Hidatsa results from loss of intervocalic -h-; contrast íi ‘his mouth’, with 3s possessor as in ‘hair, fur, feathers’, but with no intervocalic h in pre-Hidatsa. The second i should have received pre-Proto-Siouan length via the putative second syllable lengthening rule. Swanton’s Ofo slip file doesn’t show length here either.

Details Language Word Source