growl > grunt (2)

verb perceptual_auditory

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan *xrį́

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *xrį́

Proto-Dakota *xnį

Lakota ḣníyaƞ , †xnį́yą ‘have stomach ache, afraid, quivering, be troubled’ EB:194b

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere

Chiwere xrínge ‘growl, snarl’ JGT:156

Hoocąk xįnį́ ‘growl (as an animal)’ KM:3923 , xįnį

Proto-Dhegiha *xrį́-

Kanza/Kaw xlį ‘growl’ RR

Osage xthiⁿ , †xlį LF:220b

Quapaw xnį́ke, xdį́ke JOD

Proto-Southeastern

Proto-Biloxi-Ofo

Biloxi xyihĕ , †xyí- ‘growl, as a bear’ D&S:226a , xyídĕ nedí , †xyí- ‘make a sawing noise’

General comment

The Biloxi forms for both ‘wind (3)’ and ‘growl > grunt (2)’ suggest an initial *xy rather tha *xr, if they’re cognate.

Details Language Word Source