grouse

noun animal_bird

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan *-hpú•ska

Pre-Mandan

Mandan sípu•ška ‘prairie chicken’ RTC

Proto-Southeastern

Proto-Biloxi-Ofo *(a)mą-phú•ska

Biloxi apuská , †apuská ‘partridge’ D&S:174a

Ofo amạphó̄ska, amạphû´ska , †amąphú•ska ‘partridge; drum’ D&S:320b, D&S:334a, JSS

General comment

The first part of this compound term incorporates different roots for ‘bird’ (‘bird (1)’ etc.), q.v. Only the adjectival portion of the term (‘spotted (1)’) is reconstructible here. Probably refers to barred feathers, clearly the etymology of the Mandan form.

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