gray (2)

verb perceptual_visual_color

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan *šó•tE < **ašó•tE

Proto-Crow-Hidatsa

Hidatsa šó•ta ‘gray’ J

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *šó•te

Proto-Dakota

Lakota šóta ‘smokey’ RTC

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere *šó•te

Chiwere šó•ǰe ‘smoke’ RR

Hoocąk šóoč ‘be hazy, clouded (of liquid)’ KM:2979 , šooc

Proto-Dhegiha *šó•te

Omaha-Ponca šó•de ‘smoke, muddy’ RR

Kanza/Kaw šóǰe ‘smoke, muddy’ RR

Osage shódse , †šóce ‘smoke’ LF:132b

Quapaw šótte ‘smoke’ RR

Proto-Catawba

Woccon tooshe ‘smoke’ JL

General comment

Part of a consonant ablaut set; cf. ‘hazy, bluish, cloudy’, ‘gray (2)’. Accent suggests a missing Proto-Siouan initial syllable. Judging from ‘hazy, bluish, cloudy’, q.v., only OVS preserves the expected initial syllable in this ablaut set. We have reconstructed all three related fricative symbolism grades together, taking into account the features of all.

Details Language Word Source