foam, boil

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Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan *púxE, *pí•xE

Proto-Crow-Hidatsa *puxahe

Crow puxáa ‘foam’ RG

Hidatsa puxxí ‘foam’ J

Pre-Mandan

Mandan wįrį́ puxté ‘beer’ RTC , pí•xoʔš ‘it’s boiling’ RTC

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *púxE

Proto-Dakota *píɣA

Lakota píɣA ‘foamy’ RTC, EJ

Sioux Valley píɣa PAS

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere

Chiwere púxi ‘foam’ JGT:146 , abúxe ‘boil, be bubbly’ JGT:110

Proto-Dhegiha *ápüɣe

Omaha-Ponca abixe , †ábixe ‘boil’ MAS:21

Kanza/Kaw ábüɣe ‘boil, as water’ RR

Osage ábixe , †ápüɣe ‘the boiling of water’ LF:6b

Quapaw ábixe JOD

Proto-Southeastern

Proto-Biloxi-Ofo

Biloxi aní pupúxi , †pupúxi ‘foam’ D&S:250a

General comment

Of course pu/o+fricative is practically universal for “foam, puff up” etc. The Dakota, Mandan vowel is unexplained. Cf. ‘blow (2)

Details Language Word Source