father (2) (vocative)

social_kin

Proto-Siouan-Catawba *tá•ti

Proto-Siouan *tá•ti

Proto-Crow-Hidatsa

Hidatsa tatiṡ ‘father’ HWM , ta•te• ‘father (voc.)’ J

Pre-Mandan

Mandan taté RTC

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *ta•ti

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere *tá•ti

Chiwere hindáje ‘father’ JGT:142

Otoe įdá•ǰe ‘daddy’ RR

Hoocąk ǰáaǰi, ǰaaǰí ‘daddy’ [cf. hi’ąc] KM:1676 , jaaji, jaji

Proto-Dhegiha *i-táti

Omaha-Ponca dadihá ‘father, female vocative’ RTC

Kanza/Kaw įdáǰi, įdáǰe RR

Quapaw įtátte RR , idátte JOD

Proto-Southeastern *tá•t-

Proto-Biloxi-Ofo

Biloxi táta ‘father, male vocative’ D&S:170a

Proto-Tutelo-Saponi

Tutelo tāt N, H

Proto-Catawba

Catawba táti ‘grandfather’ Sp&S , nane ‘father’ KS

General comment

MVS moves stress to the final syllable in vocatives; this was probably not the case in Proto-Siouan. In the Hidatsa form recorded by HWM, final -ṡ = -š is the definite article.

Details Language Word Source