untie, untwist

physical_contact_manipulation

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *krá

Proto-Dakota *krá

Lakota glá, na- ‘uncoil of itself; loose, not tied tight; untied’ EB:343 , glá, yu- ‘untwist, unroll, uncoil; to stretch’ EB:636 , glá, wa- ‘take off, as tallow from entrails, with a knife; to shave off wi th a knife; fig., to sicken one’ EB:515 , gla, wawá- ‘make uncoil by cutting’ EB:556 , glá, wo- ‘shell off by shooting or punching’ EB:596 , glá, ya- ‘bite off, as a dog does the fat from entrails with the mouth’ EB:618

Dakota -hda SRR:126

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere *ru-krá

Chiwere rugráge ‘rattle, loosen something’ LWR:26

Hoocąk rukará ‘unravel’ JWE , rukara

Proto-Dhegiha *rü-kra(-ra)

Omaha-Ponca thigtha , †ðigða ‘untie’ MAS:181

Kanza/Kaw layá RR

Osage gthátha, gthathá , †laða ‘unbraid, untie’ LF:53b

Quapaw kdá, ba- ‘open (the hand)’ RR , kdá, bi- ‘press out, push/blow loose’ RR , kdá, da- ‘undo with the mouth, teeth’ RR , kdá, di- ‘undo, untie, pull loose’ RR , kdá, ka- ‘sway’ RR , kdá, ną- ‘loosen, come undone’ RR , kda, pá- ‘cut along the edge of sth.’ RR

General comment

Dakota kča ‘loose, disentangled, straight’ (B-296b) may be a doublet for this set. Chiwere/Hoocąk/DH would have *kra•. If this is a separate set, then its reconstruction would be *kya•. Cf. *wrá ‘unravel’

Details Language Word Source