erect

physical_contact_manipulation

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan *sį́he

Proto-Crow-Hidatsa *iche•´ < *icVhe•´

Crow iččÉE ‘wake up’ RG

Hidatsa ichÉ ‘wake up’ J

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *žį́

Proto-Dakota

Lakota žį́ ‘erect’ RTC

Dakota †žį́ ‘stand erect, stiffen up’ SRR:651b

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere

Chiwere yín , †yį ‘erection, stiffen (up)’ JGT:137

Proto-Southeastern

Proto-Biloxi-Ofo

Biloxi siⁿhiⁿ´, siⁿ´hiⁿ , †sįhį́ ‘stand’ D&S:255a

General comment

Crow and Hidatsa agree with Biloxi in reflecting an older h-stem and s-grade of the spirant. Biloxi shows progressive nasalization. The rest of MVS has this root as the second member of the compound *ną́•-žį, q.v.

Details Language Word Source