emphatic topic

n/a

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan *ya

Proto-Mississipi-Valley

Proto-Dakota

Lakota čha ‘emphatic topic’

Proto-Southeastern

Proto-Tutelo-Saponi

Tutelo ya ‘emphatic topic’ GRO

General comment

An enclitic to nouns or noun phrases. There is an otherwise unidentified Biloxi particle, , that may be related, although nasalization would be unexplained.

Details Language Word Source