eight

abstract_number

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan

Proto-Mississipi-Valley

Proto-Dhegiha *hpe•-rá•prį

Omaha ppeðábðį RTC

Ponca ppe•ðábðį RR

Kanza/Kaw ppeyáblį

Osage p̣ethabthiⁿ , †hpeðábrį LF:85

Quapaw ppedábnį

Proto-Southeastern *pa-ra•nį

Proto-Biloxi-Ofo

Ofo pạ́tạnĭ D&S:328b , pA´tAnî

Proto-Tutelo-Saponi

Tutelo pālán; palāni, palāli, palāniq N, H , pǎlan´ HW , pelą̈ʹk‘ ES , balai´n LJF , bilaæ:kh, bilæ̨:kh MMI

General comment

The Chiwere pattern is almost certainly borrowed from DH, as the basis for this numeral is ‘three’, which, in Chiwere, has undergone normal development to dá•ñį, not *ra•brį. This term is probably not Proto-Siouan in origin as it occurs in the proper phonological form (*hpV + ‘three’) only in OVS and DH.

Its presence in Illinois Algonquian (Rankin, 1985) shows that it spread from an OVS dialect. No actual Proto-Siouan term for ‘eight’ is currently reconstructible.

Other languages

  • Miami: palani (with variant forms recorded.)
Details Language Word Source