ear (2), external opening

noun physical_somatic_body_part

Proto-Siouan-Catawba

Proto-Siouan *rąxu•-

Proto-Crow-Hidatsa *ahkúxE (?)

Crow ahkúxa RG, GG:4, RGG:67

Hidatsa ahkúxE ‘human ear, organ of hearing’ J , ahkúxi

Pre-Mandan

Mandan rąkóx, rąkóxE ‘ear’ RTC

Proto-Mississipi-Valley *nąɣúte

Proto-Hoocąk-Chiwere

Chiwere naxú ‘ear, hear’ JGT:135 , naxúje ‘ear, inner ear’ JGT:135

Proto-Dhegiha *nąɣǘte

Omaha-Ponca nąxíde RR

Kanza/Kaw niɣǘǰe, nüɣǘǰe ‘ear, the external, sense of hearing’ RR

Osage noⁿxudse(?) , †nąɣǘce ‘internal ear, that which holds the hearing orifice’ LF:119a

Quapaw naxítte ‘ear, external opening’ JOD

Proto-Southeastern *naxu•xi

Proto-Biloxi-Ofo *naxú•xi

Biloxi nišofeʔ MRH , nišo•feʔ MS , nixuxwí, níxuxwí, nixúxwi D&S:237a

Ofo n’shū´si , †nashú•si ‘ear, earlobe’ JSS

Proto-Tutelo-Saponi

Tutelo naqōq; nahūh , †naxo•x N

General comment

There is a possible prefix *rą- here that frequently appears (except in MRS) with numerous parts of the body. Dakotan and Hoocąk preserve this root but only in ‘hear’ q.v. Crow, Hidatsa, Mandan are clearly not cognate but show interesting similarities. Cf. ‘brain (1)’. Cf. also Catawba naniréhear’ (AssiniboineG/Kanza/Kaw). The Crow and Hidatsa forms with (h)k cannot match the x of the other languages.

Details Language Word Source